Catholicism 101 Writer
If, in the process of self-defense one kills another, would that be a sin? St. Thomas Aquinas discussed this issue in the Summa Theologica (II-II, Q. 64, A.7). In this text, the origins of the principle of double effect are found. This principle recognizes that, when dealing with issues of morality, there may be beneficial as well as harmful (though unintended) side-effects. So, when is an action that has the potential to lead to negative effects justifiable? The principle considers four conditions: 1. The act itself must be indifferent, if not good; 2. The action itself should be the direct and immediate cause of both effects; 3. Bad intentions must be absent, and the harmful effect should be avoided, if possible; 4. The good effect must be, by reason, proportionately equal to or greater than the bad effect.
If you question today’s version of “love”—if you question whether modern marriages are capturing the essence of the matrimonial sacrament—you are not alone. Many young people scorn how culture and media greatly shape, and even dictate, our definition of love as something that never seems to reach deeper than hormones and neurological processes. Even in this environment, there is a kind of love that many people may not have considered. If called to consecrated virginity, a vocation less well known or understood than other, a woman may marry Christ.
It is almost certain that when I meet someone, they will express their appreciation for the beauty of my name and will ask about its origin. My personal prayer is that many more will come to find beauty, admiration, and love for Our Lady of Lourdes, after whom I am named.
The Feast of Our Lady of Lourdes is on February 11—this was the first day in 1858 when Our Lady appeared to a peasant girl named Bernadette Soubirous, who was 14 years old at the time. Centuries before, the Grotto of Massabielle was a military base for France. However, in 1858, it was no longer a military base but a muddy grotto. On February 11, St. Bernadette, along with her sister and a friend, went to gather firewood for the family. When the three girls went out, Bernadette was told to stay on one side of the river, out of concern that her asthma would be triggered if she traveled through the freezing water.
Saint Martin of Tours, patron saint of the poor, soldiers, tailors, winemakers, and conscientious objectors, ora pro nobis!
Martin was born around AD 316 to pagan parents, yet the boy chose another path; drawn to Christianity, Martin decided to become a Christian at age 10. Shortly before his birth, Christianity had been legalized in the Roman Empire under Constantine.
On October 31, a 29-year-old Uzbeki man, Sayfullo Saipov, attacked civilians with a rental truck, killing at least eight people and injuring a dozen more. According to eyewitnesses, “he allegedly drove about a mile along a busy bike path near the World Trade Center at about 3 p.m. Eastern time before he slammed into a school bus”.